Future action in the English language can be expressed in many ways, the number of which it may compete with the past. These methods are not only time Future group, but also a variety of expressions which transmit different shades of meaning. But we begin with the study of the future tense Future Simple Tense — simple future tense in English. However, it is not as simple as it seems at first glance. It also has several features that can not be confused with the functions of other ways of expressing the future tense.
As formed Future Simple Tense: rules and examples
Education Future Simple is done by an auxiliary verb will (a distinctive feature of all time band Future) for all persons and numbers and semantic verb infinitive without the particle to:
- I will work.
- We will work.
- You will work.
- He (she, it) will work.
- They will work.
To form Future Simple first person can also use the auxiliary verb shall. But now that the auxiliary verb used less and less.
- I shall work.
- We shall work.
In interrogative sentences Future Simple auxiliary verb will be put before the subject:
- Will you work?
- Will he work?
In negative sentences in Future Simple particle is not placed after the will:
- I will not work.
- She will not work.
As an abbreviated form used ‘ll and will not (‘ ll and shall not for the verb shall). It is believed that the verb shall practically ceased to be used precisely because in an abbreviated form, both look the same auxiliary verb — ‘ll:
- We’ll work.
- They will not work.
Time Future Simple: use, example sentences
Future Simple use cases are based on four basic functions that are performed during this time.
- Future Simple can express:
- a simple single action in the future:
He will miss the bus. — He missed the bus.
- action which will take a certain period of time in the future:
Will you be my friend? — You will be my friend?
- the sequence of actions in the future:
I will meet you and tell you the whole story. — We’ll meet, and I’ll tell you the whole story.
- repetitive actions in the future:
I will visit you a few times while I’m in London. — I visit you several times while I’m in London.
- a simple single action in the future:
- The proposal uses Future Simple Tense, if a man expresses his thoughts and assumptions about the future (prediction based on what we think or imagine). Usually in such proposals present verbs think (think), believe (believe to believe), expect (expect), imagine (imagine imagine), the expression be sure (to be sure), be certain (to be sure), be afraid (afraid) or adverbs probably (probably), certainly (definitely), perhaps (likely):
I think I’ll pass the exam. — I think I pass the exam.
I’m afraid the rain will not stop soon. — I’m afraid the rain will end any time soon.
He will certainly come to see us. — It will definitely come to see us.
- If a person makes a decision about his future actions at the time of the conversation, and once it is voiced, this action is transmitted through the Future Simple (on-the-spot decision):
— I’m cold! — I’m cold.
— I’ll give you my jacket. — I’ll give you my jacket.
— I know nothing! — I do not know anything!
— Ok, I’ll tell you the truth right away! — Well, I’ll tell you the truth now!
— I will order a steak and chips, and you? — I will order steak and fried potatoes, and you?
- Time Future Simple Tense is used to express the promise (promise), offers (offer), threat (threat) and requests (request):
I’ll give you the book after I have read it. — I’ll give you a book after he read it. (promise)
Do not worry, everything will be alright. — Do not worry everything will be fine. (promise)
Will you have a cup of tea? — You pour a cup of tea? (offer)
I’ll kill you! — I will kill you! (threat)
Will you help me with my homework? — Will you help me to do housework? (request)
The simple future tense in English, I like the fact that its function is not confused with any other, they seem to me very specific. I hope it will seem to you!
At Future Simple have words satellites: tomorrow (tomorrow), tonight (tonight), the day after tomorrow (the day after), next week (next week), next year (next year), in a week (a week) , in a month (a month), soon (soon) and so forth.
This topic is closely related to the other as described in the articles that need to pay attention:
- «Future Tense in the English language»
- «Time Future Continuous (Future for a long time)»
- «Time Future Perfect (future perfect tense)»
- «Time Future Perfect Continuous»
- «The phrase be going to in the English language»
After reading them, we recommend to pass the following test: «The test for the use of the future tense in English.»