To understand the meaning of the expression have something done in English as well as firmly fix it in our minds, let us see the value in the following example. Let’s imagine the situation: you need to visit for some special events. Accordingly, it is necessary to look beautiful and elegant. You would not have refused to put on a pretty dress, but the trouble is that you do not have it, and the purchase of new funds is not enough. What to do? You calculate the amount you can set aside for this article of clothing, and go to the studio in which you sew clothes to order. Telling someone about the version, so you look great at the party, you say: «I sewed a new dress.»
How to translate this sentence? The first thing that comes to mind — I made a new dress. How do you understand the source? And just as you said. «I sewed a new dress,» — I bought the fabric, cutting, he sat down at the sewing machine and concocted it. But this is not so, because the dress was sewn in the studio. How can I tell the difference? Indicating that something has been done for you or to you, but not you personally. That for this purpose and must be the expression «have something done» in English. As we can see, this expression includes three components: the verb have / has / had (depending on the person, number and time), object or person (on which the action takes place), the verb is in the form of Past Participle (right — at ed, wrong — special forms). All words are in that order, as shown in the above expression, modification and interchange can not be.
In using the expression have something done in the English language, you show that someone else has committed some action either with you or with your belongings. Here are examples of how to use this expression:
- Present Simple:
Every Friday Joe has his car washed. — Every Friday, Joe washes his car. (but do not wash myself personally, and drives off in the sink)
- Present Continuous:
I am having a swimming pool built now. — I’m building a swimming pool. (a group of workers engaged in this, and I am not alone)
- Expression going to:
He is going to have his eyes tested. — He’s going to have your eyes tested. (go to the ophthalmology center where everything is checked opticians)
- Past Simple:
I had the new dress made. — I sewed a new dress. (sewed in the studio, and I’m not myself)
Jill had the roof repaired. — Jill repaired the roof yesterday. (not itself climbed to repair, and caused workers who are made)
Where did you have your hair cut? — Where did you cut? (someone doing haircut)
Did you have your newspaper delivered? — Did you get the newspaper? (she was brought to you, not you he went to the post office and took)
Where did you have your watch repaired? — Where did you watch repaired? (in what shop you’re wearing them)
Why did not you have your fur-coat cleaned? — Why did not you brushed your coat? (not took it to the dry cleaners)
- Present Perfect:
I have not had the film developed yet. — I have not yet shown film. (in other words, not brought it in to the development with a photo center)
- Past Continuous:
They were having their new house decorated at that moment. — They decorated his house at the time. (a group of workers to meet the finish, not the owners themselves)
- Future Simple:
She will have her new book published. — It will release his new book. (release the publisher, not the author)
- Future Continuous:
I will be having my windows cleaned at that time. — At this time, I’ll wash the windows. (not the hired washers)
- Present Perfect Continuous:
I have been having my sight tested for an hour already. — I’m already an hour checking eyesight. (not myself, the doctor assesses him)
- Past Perfect:
My mother had had her fence painted by the end of the week. — By the end of the week my mother painted fence. (not painted herself and hired workers)
- Past Perfect Continuous:
They had been having the house tidied for an hour when I visited them. — They cleaned the house for an hour, when I went to them.
- Modal verbs :
We must have our washing machine repaired. — We need to fix the washing machine. (give it in for repair)
- -ing form:
It’s worth having new sweater knitted. — It is necessary to link the new sweater. (she will not knit, and ask her friend)
Another variation of expression have something done in the English language is the design get something done. In terms of its meaning is the same, but the second is more commonly used in everyday speech. For example:
Your beard is too long. I think you should get it trimmed. — Your beard is very long, you need to cut it.
I need some copies. Do you know where I can get that made around here? — I need a few copies. Do you know where can I get them to do nearby?
The sole has come off my shoe. I need to get it repaired. — I looked at the shoe heel. I need to repair shoes.
Well, and, finally, another meaning of the expression have something done manifests itself in such a situation: We arrived at the airport to fly to another country, and found that we had stolen a bag of money. Here in this case, and it will be used by us considered expression. Of course, we did not agree to have stolen something, do not ask someone to do it. With this expression we simply show that someone something happened (usually something unpleasant).
Jack had his hand broken in a fight. — In the fight Jack broke his arm. (not itself, of course)
We had all our money stolen. — We have stolen all the money.
She had her hat blown off in the wind. — Her hat blown away.
Expression have something done is not complicated at all, either for storing or for consumption. But at the same time very frequently used, so it is necessary to know him. Take note if applied and confidently consume in a speech.