Learning any foreign language is impossible without the study of cultural peculiarities of the country. To better understand the language, you need to pay attention to the realities and traditions, differences lingvostranovedcheskie nation. In our case, we are talking about the English-speaking population (as usual, we take the UK and the US). English (US) units (units of measurement) just refer to those features, it is desirable to understand in order to fully understand the speakers, their writing and speaking.
You probably are not just faced with the English (US) units. For example, I often met them in English literature, news, TV shows, movies, etc. How to cook an interesting dish in English or American recipe? All the ingredients are there, too, are given in ounces and pounds. Sometimes you read any book in English, comes to describing some man in English and stops trying to understand what he is growing. After all, it is measured in feet and inches, which is unusual for us, because many do not know the meaning of these values. We have the metric system, we Give meters and centimeters. Or listen to world news in English: back to the discussion of oil prices. And one barrel is so much and so much. And how much is contained in that barrel? We are accustomed to liters. A fluid they are measuring in gallons and weigh in pounds and ounces.
If you are already faced with similar situations, it is obvious that looked into the table of the English (US) units to a rough estimate, about what the values in question. If you have not tried to do it, let’s deal.
English (US) linear measure
According to the English system of units (British Imperial System of measurement), which is used in the United Kingdom, the United States and other countries, the main linear measures (linear measure) are the following:
- Inch (inch) = 25.4 mm (2.54 cm)
- Ft (foot) = 0.3048 m (or 12 inches)
- Yard (yard) = 0,9144 m (or 3 feet)
- Mile (mile) = 1,609 km (1,760 yards)
- Hand (hand) = 10,16 cm (or 4 inches)
Please note that the value of a nautical mile (nautical mile) is somewhat different — 1.8532 (England) and 1,852 (US). If you need to convert the value in feet as quickly as possible, divide the number of feet by three. And if you want the length in miles hastily transformed to kilometers, multiply the number by 1.5 (or divide the number of miles on the 5 and multiply by 8). Get the approximate result in each case. By the way, the yard — it’s almost a meter (91.44 cm), you can safely rounded.
The common narwhal or sea unicorn often attains a length of sixty feet. — Normal narwhal whale is often reach a length of 60 feet (20 meters).
She wears classic 5 inch high heels. — She wears a classic shoes with heels 5 inches (12-13 cm).
English (US) measures the area
Under a unit area (square measure), we realize any value in the «square», namely:
- Square inch (square inch) = 6,45 cm²
- Square foot (square foot) = 929 cm²
- Square yard (square yard) = 0,836 m²
- Square miles (square mile) = 2,59 km²
- Acre (acre) = 0,405 n = 4046.86 m²
The new value is the «per acre.» For a quick translation acres per hectare necessary to multiply the value by 0.4. Even faster — divided into two. The approximate area in hectares is known. Simply square feet — divide the number by 10 and you have a value in meters.
We bought an old house on five acres. — We bought a new house on five acres (2 hectares).
How many square yards are there in a square meter? — How many square yards per square meter?
English (US) measures weight
In some units the British or the Americans used to measure the weight of a substance (weight measure), the product and so on?
- An ounce (ounce, oz) = 28,35 g
- The pound (pound) = 453,59 g (or 16 ounces)
- Stone (stone) = 6,35 kg (14 pounds or) — used mainly in the USA
- Short ton (short ton) = 907,18 kg
- Long ton (long ton) = 1016 kg
You’ve probably already noticed that the basic unit of measurement — a pound — is almost half a kilogram. Therefore, you need to transfer the number to pounds and vice versa is not difficult. To specify, for example, your weight in pounds, just double it.
Baby Brianna weighed 13 ounces at birth. — Little Brianna at birth weighed 13 ounces (370 g).
How to lose 20 pounds forever in exercise and diet? — How to get rid of 20 pounds (9 kg) with exercise and diet?
English (American) volume measures
Among the main English (US) units of measurement volume (cubic measure) should be called:
- Cubic inches (cubic inch) = 16,39 cm ³
- Cubic feet (cubic foot) = 0,028 m³
- A cubic yard (cubic yard) = 0,76 m³
How many cubic yards does this dump truck hold? — How many cubic yards capacity of the truck?
The USA has more than 2,200 trillion cubic feet of gas waiting to be pumped, enough to satisfy nearly 100 years of current US natural-gas demand. — In the US, more than 22 trillion cubic feet of natural gas reserves, which is enough to provide the United States for the next hundred years at current levels of consumption.
English (US) measure liquids and granular materials
What they measure liquids (liquid measure)?
- Butte (butt) = 490,97 liters
- The barrel (barrel) = 163,65 liters (GB) / 119,2 l (US)
- Barrel (oil) = 158,988 liters (GB) / 158,97 liters (US)
- Gallon (gallon) = 4,546 liters (GB) / 3,784 liters (US)
- Pint (pint) = 0,57 liters (GB) / 0,473 liters (US)
- Fluid ounce (fluid ounce) = 28,4 ml
How many ounces of water should I drink every day? — How many ounces of water a day do I need to drink?
How many gallons of gasoline are consumed in the USA? — How many gallons of fuel consumed by the population of the USA?
For solids (dry measure) suitable such units:
- Quart (quarta) = 1,136 liters
- Bushel (bushel) = 36,37 liters
- Peck (peck) = 9,09 l
As well as gallons, pints and barrels.
Each bushel of corn produce up to 2,5 gallons of ethanol fuel. — From one bushel of corn is obtained 2.5 gallons of fuel ethanol.
All the information can be useful to you if you come up with the name of length, weight, distance, volume, which will be expressed in English (US) units. For more information on this field (and the transfer of measures calculator) placed on these resources: nolik.ru , ntlib.chat.ru, afportal.ru.