In Grammar By Victoria

English phrasal verbs

One of the features of English grammar are phrasal verbs (phrasal verbs). They are a combination of a verb (verb) and the preposition (preposition) or adverb (adverb), and sometimes both at the same time. A distinctive feature of phrasal verbs in English is a fact that, combined with a certain pretense (adverb), the verb gets a completely different meaning, different from the primary. Therefore, the study of English phrasal verbs causes some difficulty, as you have to remember these verbs with postpositions and the new value. Example:

Go — go, go on — continue

Look — look, look for — look

Although not all of phrasal verbs in English is completely changing the value. Some of them are the equivalent of our verbs with prefixes (verbs with prefixes). Examples:

Come — come, come back — come back

Take — take, take out — removed

These verbs can have the same species and temporary shape as simple verbs. Phrasal verbs in English are widely used in everyday speech, so their study is so important.

All phrasal verbs in English can be divided into two groups: transient (transitive verbes) and intransitive (intransitive verbs). As you know, verbs are called transitive, drink a direct complement. The problem is that, in various contexts is the same verb may have the same value and be transient or have the same value and the other be intransitive. For example:

Take in — let, shelter

Take up — to acquire, receive (shape, appearance, property)

With intransitive phrasal verbs English all clear (no excuse — no problems). But the transitional phrasal verbs in English is to talk. The fact that the presence of these verbs, the direct object the question arises: where to put it? Placing it be after all a combination of a verb with a preposition or between the verb and the preposition. By this criterion, phrasal verbs in the English language are shared (separable) and non-shared (inseparable). All intransitive and transitive phrasal verbs are some of the English language are nonsharable verbs, ie the combination of the verb with a preposition can not be changed, as well as to put padding between them. Supplement in this case would be an excuse to go after the phrasal verb in English. For example:

Their car broke down at the road. — Their car broke down on the road.

Many of transitive verbs are separated. In this case, the addition can be placed and after all phrasal verb and between the verb and the preposition. If the addition is expressed by the pronoun, it only put in the middle.

Shut down the door! — Close the door!

I would like you to shut it down! — I want you to shut it!

It is raining outside. Put on your jacket when you go shopping. (Put your jacket on). — It’s raining outside. When you go shopping, put on his jacket.

Learn is a particular phrasal verb English transitive or intransitive, shared or nonsharable can only be in the dictionary. No specific rules exist. So remember each phrasal verb in English and information about it, be sure after reading the entry.



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