In Science By Catherine

English Headlines

Difficulties in understanding the header can occur in part because of the special style, which is often very different from the usual for us English. In this style, there are specific rules of grammar, in addition, the words may have a slightly different meaning than that to which we are accustomed.


  • Headers is not always full proposals, many of which consist only of a noun without a verb.

    More Cash for Schools
    Deadlock in Peace Talks

  • Titles often consist of three, four or more nouns. Trying to understand the meaning of these headings, it must be remembered that, the previous word, convert and define the next.

    Let’s look at an example:

    Furniture Factory Pay Cut Row

    In order to deal with this title, which lacks verbs, you can try to read it starting from the end. Then we will see that the row (row, row) refers to the word cut (reduction, reduction), ie, I talk about some scandal about the decline. To understand what is going to reduce it, we look at the next word pay, t. E. To reduce the question of payment. Next word yet adds meaning to our proposal, t. To. We see that it is a payment factory factory, and finally the word furniture, referring to the previous word factory, it tells us that we are on the furniture factory. After this step of analysis we can see that the article focuses on «the scandal because of the reduction of wages in the furniture factory.»

    Although in ordinary speech or in writing essays, we would not have used such a proposal for the header, it is quite commonplace.

  • It is often overlooked in the headlines articles and the verb be.

    Man Killed in Accident
    Shakespeare Play Immoral

  • Commonplace is the use of a simpler time in the headlines instead of long-term or committed. It is also important that simple now often used to describe the events relating both to the present and to the past tense.

    Forgotten Major Appears (= … has appeared)
    Teachers Protest Pay Cuts (= … are protesting …)

    The present long Titles occurs, usually in the case of any changes. But even in this case be omitted verb.

    Climate Getting Warmer
    Unemployment Figures Rising

  • The future tense is often expressed using the infinitive.

    President to visit England
    Patients to receive free medicine

  • Auxiliary verbs are often overlooked in the passive voice.

    Two accused of murder (= two people have been accused …)
    President attacked (= the President has been attacked)

    It should be remembered that the use of past tenses in the headlines almost does not occur, which is why past verb forms should be regarded as a sacrament imeeno in the passive voice. Compare a few headlines:

    Dog found safe (= the missing dog has been found safe)
    Dog finds safe (= a dog has found a safe)

    Workers attacked (= the workers have been attacked)
    Workers attack politicians (= the workers have attacked the politicians)

  • A separate item, you can also highlight the use of punctuation in the headers. The colon is usually used to divide the subject described in the article, and what will be said about this topic

    Road accident: mayor to act

    The question mark is often used to emphasize the uncertainty, doubt as to what was going on.

    Prisoner to be released?
    Crisis over by September?

I hope the examples discussed in this article will help you deal with difficult at first glance, the English-language press. I think that you will not once again convinced that the language — living phenomenon, it is constantly changing, it there are a lot of styles and features, I hope, after reading this article, you will be better able to understand the language, looking at it from a different side.

 

Science

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