Each country has its own national symbols — the coat of arms, anthem, flag, seal, motto, the standard of the President, the flowers. It is established by the Constitution and the special law a special, historically, decals particular state, which represent its sovereignty and identity. We’ll talk about the flag — banner of regular geometric shape having any special coloring.
English flag is known to everyone, even the person who does not learn English and could not connected with him. Who is the English flag, and why this image is selected for the UK?
In the English flag is a very rich history. Her description is not our goal at the moment, we only touch on the graphical content of the national symbol of England. If you’re wondering who and what influenced the creation of the modern version of the flag, read the material resource flags. ru. He will give you all the answers.
English flag, also known as «Union Jack», is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It sounds like that the official name of England. Since it consists of England, Scotland and Ireland, therefore, the combination of stripes and colors should reflect these three states.
Thus, in the British flag includes:
- St. George’s Cross — the Cross of St. George, the patron saint of England. It is a red cross on a white background. It is this image and splashed on the flag of England until 1707, when officially joined the flags of England and Scotland.
- St. Andrew’s Cross — The cross of St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland. These are two intersecting white diagonal stripes on a blue background.
- St. Patrick’s Cross — The cross of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. It is crossed by two red stripes on a white background. This cross was added to the English flag in 1801. From this year, and to this day there is the national flag of England, as we know it.
Depending on the position of England, Scotland and Ireland in the United Kingdom of Great Britain, the English flag is maintained in the following parameters. Its length is twice the width. The biggest is the St. George’s cross — in width it is one fifth of the width of the flag, and its border takes up one third of the width of the cross. Two other cross border and repel the size of the Cross of St. George. St. Andrew is given to half its width, and the cross of St. Patrick — third. Outlining the last cross is only the sixth of the width of the cross of St. George.