In Grammar By Inna

Degrees of comparison in English

We all want to have the best, anyway, not the worst, so that everything is always compared with its own quality standard. Therefore, constantly use degrees of comparison in English and not only. The degrees of comparison in the English language have the adjective and adverb.

Degrees of comparison in English. Adjective

Adjective in the English language has two degrees of comparison (some grammarians are three).

  1. Positive (the Positive Degree). It indicates the quality of the object, without comparing this quality.

    This car is old. — This car is old.

  2. Comparison (the Comparative Degree). It is used to compare the quality of two or more items.

    This car is older than that car. — This machine is older than the car.

  3. Excellent (the Superlative Degree). It is used to express the highest degree of quality.

    This is the oldest car I have ever seen. — This is the oldest car I’ve ever seen.

The comparative degree of monosyllabic adjectives, and some two-syllable adjectives ending in y is formed by adding the suffix er to the positive power.

  • cold (cold) — colder (colder)
  • noisy (noisy) — noisier (more noisy)

Superlative adjectives above is formed by adding the suffix est, and is used with the definite article.

  • cold (cold) — the coldest (the coldest)
  • noisy (noisy) — the noisiest (loudest)

If the adjective ends in a consonant letter in front of which is a vowel, the comparative and superlative degree of comparison in English the final consonant is doubled.

  • big (big) — bigger (greater) — the biggest (largest)

If the adjective ends with the letter y, preceded by a consonant, the comparative and superlative y me by i.

  • pretty (cute) — prettier (sweeter) — the prettiest (the sweetest)

If you appear before y is a vowel, then y remains unchanged

  • grey (gray) — greyer (more gray) — the greyest (very gray)

Most of the adjectives that have two or more syllables, the comparative degree is formed by the words more, and excellent in using the words most. The very adjective is in positive degree.

  • Difficult (complex) — more difficult (more difficult) — the most difficult (the most difficult)

There is a group of adjectives that form the degrees of comparison against the rules.

  • good (nice) — better (best) — the best (best)
  • little (small) — less (smaller) — the least (smallest)
  • bad (bad) — worse (worse) — the worst (the worst, the worst)
  • much (many with incalculable.) — many (many are those who were numbered.) — more (longer) — the most (most)

To strengthen the comparative degree to use the word much, far, a great deal.

This film is far more interesting than that one. — This film is much more interesting than that.

To enhance the superlatives used words by far, much.

He is by far the best student in his group. — He’s an excellent student in the group.

When comparing two objects using the same quality construction as + adjective in the positive degree + as.

This skirt is as expensive as yours. — This skirt the same way as yours.

In negative sentences the same function is performed by design not so + adjective in the positive degree + as.

This car is not so new as that one. — This machine is not as new as that.

Degrees of comparison in English. Dialect

Many have degrees of comparison of adverbs and adjectives form their like.

The comparative degree monosyllabic adverbs is formed by adding the suffix er, a positive power, and with the help of an excellent addition of the suffix est.

  • fast (fast) — faster (faster) — fastest (fastest)

Adverbs ending in ly form the comparative degree with the help of words more, and excellent in using the words most.

  • bravely (bravely) — more bravely (more bravely) — most bravely (braver than all)

Exceptions are:

  • well (well) — better (better) — best (best)
  • badly (bad) — worse (worse) — worst (worst)
  • much (many) — more (longer) — most (most)
  • little (little) — less (fewer) — least (less likely)
  • far (away) — further (farther) — furthest (farthest)

These are the basic rules of education degrees of comparison in English.



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