Living on a ship at sea is very different from life on land, above all, strict order and schedule. Its features also has a language that is used on the ship. Right and left, east and west — areas such designations are suitable for dry land, but the ship should use other terms for a better understanding.
Finding your way around the ship
- Vessel (a ship or large boat) — ship.
- Hull (the main part of a ship or boat — the deck, sides, and bottom of a ship or boat) — the ship’s hull.
- Bow (the front of the ship) — bow.
- Stern or Aft (the rear of the ship) — feed.
- Decks (floors of the ship) — deck.
- Funnel (a large pipe on a ship through which smoke or steam comes out) — trumpet.
- Radar (a device that sends out radio waves for finding out the position and speed of a moving object) — Radar.
- Bridge (the control center of the ship, typically in the bow) — bridge.
- Life-boat (a small boat designed for saving the lives of people when a larger boat or ship sinks) — lifeboat.
- Anchor (a heavy device that is attached to a boat or ship by a rope or chain and that is thrown into the water to hold the boat or ship in place) — anchor.
- Quay (a structure built on the land next to a river, lake, or ocean that is used as a place for boats to stop for loading and unloading freight and passengers) — dock; Quay.
- Mooring bollard (a post around which a rope may be tied to keep a boat close to land) — mooring bollard.
- To embark (to begin a journey especially on a ship or airplane) — go on board the ship; sit on the ship.
- To disembark (to leave a ship or airplane) — landings.
- Bulbous bow — bulbous nose (ship).
- Gangway (the entrance / exit area of the ship used while docked, typically on a lower deck) — ladder.
- Bow thruster — additional screw on the bow.
- Port (the left side of the ship when facing the bow) — the left side.
- Starboard (the right side of the ship when toward the bow) — starboard.
- Galley (where food is prepared; the ship’s kitchen. Larger vessels may have more than one) — galley (kitchen on the ship).
- Muster Station (the designated meeting spot for passengers during emergencies or evacuations. Your muster station will be noted in your cabin) — Scheduled to ship schedule a gathering place (alarm).
- Cabin or Stateroom (your room or sleeping quarters on board) — cabin.
- Lido (a term meaning resort often used to describe a particular deck, usually where pools are located) — outdoor swimming pool.
If you look closely watched instructional videos, you’ll notice that, in speaking of the ship (whether a cruise ship, a tanker or cargo ship), used in English Personal Pronoun (personal pronoun) she. You surely have a question: «Why?». There is no single answer does not exist, and much of the explanation comes to the conclusion that it is a tradition of the language. But I liked it, and remember one of the explanations stating that the sailors always miss the women, whose presence on the ship, as you know — a bad sign, and then they called the ship she. Here’s a strange love. 🙂
When planning your voyage, and choosing the right ship and itinerary, the site of any maritime company, we find a description of the ship, which includes, as a rule, the following parameters:
- Occupancy / ɑ: kjəpənsi / — capacity, the estimated number of people.
- Gross Tonnage / groʊs / / tʌnɪʤ / — gross tonnage / cargo.
- Beam / width / bi: m / / wɪdθ / — width of the vessel.
- Draught / draft / dræft, Brit drɑ: ft / — sludge vessel.
- Length overall / lɛŋθˌoʊvɚɑ: l / — overall length.
- Cruise Speed / kru: z spi: d / — cruising speed.
- 1 Knot / nɑ: t / (a measurement of speed) = 1 nautical mile / hour — 1 nautical mile / hour.
- Shipmanager — Ship manager.
- Shipowner / ʃɪpoʊnɚ / — owner.
Such an inscription can be seen on board many ships: Safety — First! Every passenger, as well as any member of the crew goes on board a strict instruction on how to behave during emergencies / ɪmɚʤənsi / (unforeseen, emergency cases) or evacuations / ɪvækjəˌeɪʃən / (evacuation).
As the saying goes: «Forewarned is forearmed» — «Forewarned — is forearmed.»
- To abandon / əbændən / the ship — to leave the ship to leave the ship.
- Direction indicator — direction indicator.
- Embarkation / ɪmbɑɚkeɪʃən / station — the landing of passengers (on a ship).
- Emergency alarm / ɪmɚʤənsi əlɑɚm / — alarm in an emergency.
- Emergency ladder / ɪmɚʤənsi lædɚ / — emergency (evacuation) ladder.
- EPIRB (Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon) — emergency position-indicating radio location.
- Emergency exit / ɪmɚʤənsi ɛgzət / — emergency (evacuation) output.
- Evacuation slide / ɪvækjəˌeɪʃən slaɪd / — trap for the evacuation of passengers.
- Exit — Quits.
- Extinguisher / ɪkstɪŋgwɪʃɚ / — extinguisher.
- To extinguish fire — extinguish the fire.
- To evacuate — evacuate.
- Fire alarm — fire alarm.
- Fire! — Fire!
- First aid box — emergency first aid kit.
- Immersion suit / ɪmɚʒən su: t / — Maritime Rescue (waterproof) suit.
- To launch / lɑ: ntʃ / — lower (ship boat) in the water.
- Life-boat — the lifeboat.
- Life-buoy / boɪ / — lifeline.
- Life-jacket — life jacket.
- Life-raft — a raft.
- Life saving equipment / ɪkwɪpmənt / — rescue equipment.
- Man overboard! — Man Overboard!
- To search / sɚtʃ / — look.
- Survival / sɚvaɪvəl / craft portable / poɚtəbəl / radio — portable radio for rescue craft.
- To rescue / rɛskju / — to save.
- Rocket-parachute flares / rɑ: kət perəˌʃu: t fleɚz / — pancakes illuminate, ground-launched missile.
This can happen any time. If someone falls overboard it’s necessary to take an immediate action. First, shout «MAN OVERBOARD» and throw him a life buoy. A life buoy or a life-jacket will help the man to survive until he is rescued.
If you get overboard, get clear of the ship and continue shouting and splashing the water as long as there is a chance that you will be heard or seen. Then swim on your back to keep the body warm. Do not panic!
Abandon your ship
lf for some reason a ship is going to sink the srew and passengers must abandon it. Only the Masteg * CAN deside when and if the ship will be abandoned. He will give the sommand «Prepage to abandon the ship on the stagboagd (or pogt) side». Put on youg life jacket and gun to the station musteg fog stagboagd (pogt) side whege life boats and life gafts are. When the ship is abandoned everything possible will be done to rescue the crew and passengers as soon as possible.
* Master / mæstɚ, Brit mɑ: stə / = Captain (a man who is in charge of the people on a ship) — captain of the ship.
It’s time to check how well you have learned all of the above material.