On our blog has an article devoted to the unions in the English language. It is a survey, since it lists the classification of the two main groups of unions (coordinative and subordinating) shows the function that these associations operate in the speech. Once again, we recall the basic information on the topic, and a detailed look at coordinative unions in English.
If you read the review article, immediately recall what constitutes unions. First of all, this service part of speech, that is, those who are no independent function in the sentence is not carried out. From this it follows that the sentence, they can not be. Why do we need unions? To link the words in phrases and phrases into sentences. As mentioned above, in the English language, there are two basic groups of associations: coordinative (coordinating conjunctions) and subordinate (subordinating). Sometimes even further isolated, and the third group — correlative Unions (correlative conjunctions). But I would not make them in a separate group, I will mention them in the coordinative unions in English.
What are they — coordinative unions English?
In coordinative unions in the English language has its own classification. But before we get to it, I would like to say about the role that these unions operate. Coordinative unions, we need to connect the homogeneous parts of the sentence or independent (independent) proposals as part of compound sentence. What, then, are coordinative unions in the English language?
The first group is called «coupling» of the Union (copulative conjunctions). It includes the following associations:
- And (in the meaning of «and»)
I told her to buy a kilo of potatoes, some milk and two loaves of bread. — I told her to buy a kilogram of potatoes, a little milk and two loaves of bread.
- As well as (like)
People hear with their skin as well as their ears. — People hear the skin, as well as the ears).
- Both … and (and … and, well …)
She is both an intelligent boss and a good mother. — She is not only a smart boss, but also a good mother.
- Neither … nor (neither … nor)
We are neither for nor against it. — We are neither for nor against.
- Not only … but also (not only, but also)
Wooden furniture is not only beautiful but also elegant. — Wooden furniture is not only beautiful, but also stylish.
- Nor (also not, also)
Chris will not accept help, nor yet advice. — Chris did not take any help or even advice.
The second group is called «adversative» unions (adversative conjunctions). It includes:
- And (in the sense of «a»)
I shall go, and you stay here and wait for him. — I’ll go, and you stay here and wait for him.
- But (but a)
He never remembers my birthday but I do not take offence at him. — He never remembers my birthday, but I do not take offense to it.
- However (but, nonetheless)
This dress is very expensive; however, it is worth it. — This dress is very expensive; however, it is worth it.
- Nevertheless (nevertheless)
Nevertheless what are we doing here anyway? — Nevertheless, we’re doing here at all?
- While (while, moreover, far)
While she was out, I managed to read several chapters of the book. — While she was gone, I had time to read a few chapters of the book.
- Still (yet)
She has many drawbacks, still I love her. — She has a lot of flaws, but I still love her.
- Whereas (whereas a)
I often fell sick, whereas my mother is never ill. — I often sick, and my mother always healthy.
- Yet (nevertheless, however)
He is good to me, yet I dislike him. — He treated me well, but I do not like him.
And finally, the third, the smallest group — a «separation» unions (disjunctive conjunctions). This group includes only two unions:
- Or (or otherwise)
Shall we keep in the fire or let it out? — We will still burn a fire or let it go off?
- Either … or (or or)
You may either leave or stay as you wish. — You can either leave or stay as you wish.
Paired coordinative unions in English and those of us in the group have been connecting and separating, also called correlative (correlative conjunctions). Consisting of two parts, the Russian language they are often transferred in pairs, and sometimes do not translate.
As you can see, coordinative conjunctions in English are not so many, so remember them is not difficult. But subordinating will be several times more, and the classification of their varied and, therefore, the study of subordinating the unions will need more time. But once mastered this topic, you’ll enjoy unions understand English!
This topic is closely related to the other as described in the articles that need to pay attention:
- «Unions in the English language»
- «Like and as are in the English language»
- «Subordinating conjunctions in English»
After reading them, we recommend to pass the following test: «The test for unions in the use of the English sentence.»