Not for nothing in the English language there are so many nouns meaning «journey»: after all, the British and Americans — active recreation. That they like to say — travel broadens the mind (travel broadens the mind).
Travel, trip, tour, cruise, ramble, voyage, trek, wandering, wayfaring, expedition, safari — and it is not a complete list of the words that the English call a trip or journey. Not surprisingly, you learn English very easy to get lost among such a variety of synonyms. Not far off vacation season, time travel and leisure, and while you dream of the warm sea and the hot sun, I’ll tell you about the four most common confusing words to refer to travel — travel, trip, voyage and journey. So there you go?
In our list of travel — The word of the widest significance. It means moving from place to place, typically over long distances. This word is used when we talk about the process of travel in general:
World travel gives you a new perspective. — Travel around the world help to look at everything in a new way.
The magazine is a food and travel guide. — This is a magazine guide to food and travel.
In America there are two classes of travel — first class and with children. — In America there are two classes of travel — first class, and with children.
Travel can often be seen in the composition of compound nouns (slozhnyx suschestvitelnyx), for example:
- Air travel — air travel.
- Space travel — space travel.
- Water travel — travel on water.
- Time travel — a journey through time.
- Travel documents — travel documents.
- Travel ticket — a ticket.
- Travel agent — Agent Tourism.
- Travel sickness — the nausea that occurs when driving or flying.
Air travel involves a lot of waiting in the airport. — With air travel associated long waiting times at airports.
You may obtain your tickets at the travel agent if you do not want to book on the Internet. — Tickets can be bought from a travel agent, you do not want to order online.
Make sure to keep your travel documents safely. — Make sure your travel documents are stored in a safe place.
Plural travels used when we describe someone else’s journey, journey or talking about the book of this genre, such as: a book of travels (travel book).
In my childhood I used to enjoy reading travels by Jules Verne. — As a child I loved to read the works of Jules Verne travel.
Jack Kerouac wrote many books about his travels. — Jack Kerouac wrote many books about his travels.
Where did you go on your travels? — Where did you go on trips?
The word journey has a narrow range of values, so to understand them is not difficult. Consider each of the values in a particular context:
- Journey means moving from place to place, as the word travel. The difference is that the journey has the meaning «one trip», «one way trip», for example:
A journey from London to Paris can now be completed in under three hours. — The journey from London to Paris can now be accomplished in less than 3 hours.
I was in London in 2012 and I came back there this year. So, I’ve had two journeys to London. — I was in London in 2012, and again went to it. So I had two trips to London.
It is a mistake, if you say: I’ve had two travels to London.
He made a 200-mile journey by bike. — He drove the way to 200 miles on a bicycle.
A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step. — Journey of a thousand miles begins with one step. (literal translation: the road by walking)
We wish you a happy journey. — We wish you a pleasant trip!
Wrong: We wish you a happy travel.
- Journey has a value of «regular visits» usually for short distances, for example, to work or to school.
How long does your journey to work take? — How do you take a trip to work?
- We use the word journey, when we talk about the length of a trip or the time spent on it, or about the distance that covers the journey. In this case, the journey is best conveys the Russian word for «road way»:
A 2,000-mile journey to the Pacific. — Path to 2,000 miles to the Pacific Ocean.
The three-day journey home — three-day road home.
The journey takes 3 hours by plane or 28 hours by bus. — The journey takes 3 hours by plane or 28 hours by bus.
- For the «power users» of the English, as well as for those who are not afraid to make his speech richer in metaphors, I will talk about portable senses of the word journey. In different contexts it can mean: way of life, the development, the transition from one state to another. This word may be used in the various metaphors, for example:
- Life’s journey — a way of life.
- A journey down memory lane — journey through memories.
Martha’s journey to womanhood started when she was 18. — Martha’s Way to becoming an adult woman began when she was 18.
On my journey through life I met different people: some of them good, some of them bad … but they all taught me something. — In the course of life I have met different people — good and bad, but they are something I was taught.
Robert has been an alcoholic for 10 years, but now he’s beginning his journey to recovery. — Robert was an alcoholic 10 years, but now he begins his road to recovery.
Each of us is on the unique journey called the journey of life. — Each of us is in a way that is called life.
It is worth noting that the journey is more used in British Enlish, than American English.
Typically, short trip, we describe the process of round-trip travel, t. E. The trip there and back (as opposed to the journey), which is done with a purpose. Often, the purpose for which the traveler is indicated immediately before the word trip, such as:
- A business trip — trip.
- A day trip — a day trip.
- A round-the-world trip — round trip.
- A boat trip — a journey on water.
- A camping trip — trekking.
- A wedding trip — honeymoon.
Correctly say — take a trip. BUT: make a journey.
Note! Word trip is not used when it comes to the heavy or exhausting journey. In such cases, use the expedition or voyage.
My boss has gone on the business trip to South America. — My boss went on a business trip to South America.
Let’s go on a trip to the mountains this summer! — Let’s go to the mountains this summer!
During our holiday we took a boat trip to the islands. — During the holidays we made a boat trip to the islands.
Yesterday I went on a day trip to mountains. We left at 6.30 in the morning and returned before midnight — Yesterday I made a day trip to the mountains. We left at 6:30 am and returned before midnight.
I knew the exact date of my coming back, because I had a round-trip ticket. — I knew the exact date of his return, because I had a return ticket.
Wrong: The trip there took three hours.
That’s right: The journey there took three hours.
In short voyage, we describe the long journey by water, land or air to the outfield or unfamiliar place. There are some expressions with the word voyage:
- Maiden voyage — the first flight of the ship.
- Sea voyage — a sea voyage.
- Voyage of discovery — research expedition.
- Distant voyage — a trip to distant lands.
- Transatlantic voyage — the transatlantic journey.
- Space voyage — space travel.
The idea of going on a sea voyage fascinated him. — The idea of voyage brought him into raptures.
On a voyage across the Atlantic the liner ran into an iceberg. — During the voyage across the Atlantic Ocean liner hit an iceberg.
The Titanic sank on his maiden voyage. — Titanic sank during its maiden voyage.
Consider other occurrences:
- Voyage increasingly found in the historical context, when we talk about the great explorers and navigators of the past:
His second voyage (1493-96) led to the discovery of several Caribbean islands. — His second voyage (1493-96) led to the discovery of several Caribbean islands.
Many voyages were made to the Indian Ocean during that period. — While navigating in the Indian Ocean.
A voyage around the world often took four or five years. — Most round trip took four or five years.
- You can also see the word voyage in the context of space travel:
A spacecraft will take you on a voyage through space. — On the ship, you can make space travel.
- Voyage to mean «land expedition»:
They set on a voyage of discovery to the Amazon rainforest. — They went to a research expedition in the Amazon rainforest.
I hope this article has helped you to understand the confusing words, associated with travel in the English language. Have a good journey!
I suggest you test with a small check whether you remember the various uses of confusing words: