In Grammar By Victoria

Complex Subject — a difficult subject in the English language

We already know that in English there is a design as Complex Object or a complex supplement. Typically, parallel with the study of such supplements, often explain and complex subject, which is referred to as Complex Subject in English (the Nominative with the Infinitive). These structures are similar only in that they both use the infinitive in English. However, unlike the complex additions in the complex due on the principal components in addition to the infinitive is a noun in the common case or pronoun in the nominative case. A Complex Subject to the infinitive in English maybe in all of its six ways. For example:

  • to write
  • to have written
  • to be written
  • to have been written
  • to be writing
  • to have been writing

The proposals to design Complex Subject another basic element is a verb, especially the verb, which it is expressed. So how exactly will depend on the verb, in the real (active) or passive (passive) pledge will stand predicate. Offers with the construction of Complex Subject in English is usually translated into Russian by such revolutions as «say, say, think, see, hear, turned out to be wrong,» etc.

Use Complex Subject in English: examples and rules

As already noted, the design Complex Subject in the English language is used with certain verbs. These verbs can be divided into several groups. So, as a predicate in a sentence can be verbs that express:

  1. Awareness, knowledge, approval: to know (know), to think (think), to state (say, to claim), to report (report), to say (say), to announce (notify).
  2. She is known to live in France. — It is known that she lived in France.

    The film festival was reported to take place in July this year. — Reports that the festival will be held in July this year.

    He was thought to study here. — I think that he is studying here.

  3. Assumption: to expect (expect), to suppose (to suggest), to believe (believe), to consider (suppose to believe), to ask (ask).
  4. The student is expected to become a famous writer. — It is expected that the student will become a famous writer.

    The tickets were supposed to be sold in the afternoon. — Suggests that the tickets will be sold for dinner.

  5. Perception: to see (to see), to hear (hear), to notice (observe).
  6. The car was seen to disappear. — Did you see how the car disappeared.

    She was seen to enter. — Did you see how she entered.

  7. Complex Subject also used in English, after such phrases as to be likely (probably), to be unlikely (unlikely), to be certain (surely), to be sure (optional).

She is likely to succeed. — Probably, it will be a success.

The bag is not likely to have been stolen. — It is unlikely that the bag was stolen.

All of these verbs as predicates may stand at any time, but only in the passive (passive voice Passive voice). There is a group of verbs that are used to design Complex Subject in English, but in the real (active Active voice) pledge. This following verbs: to appear — appear to appear; to seem — appear; to happen — happen; to prove / to turn out — turn.

The second part of the movie appeared to be less interesting. — It turned out that the second part of the film is not that interesting.

He seems to be sleeping. — It seems that he was asleep.

In fact, the construction of Complex Object Complex Subject, and do not pose any difficulty, on the contrary, facilitate our speech, making it more similar to the English language, not the language of the native language. They are very popular and widely used, so try not to bypass them by, and pay attention to them.

And now we offer you to verify this knowledge, passed the following test:



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