And the third member of a secondary offer, with which we take a closer look, will factor in the English language (adverbial modifier). Additions and determination you can read in previous articles. Circumstance in English describes the act, condition or quality of a person or object. In other words, this part of the sentence gives us information about how or under what circumstances (where, when, why, why, etc.) will be performed some action, or there is a certain state. Circumstances are usually characterized by verbs (both in private and in the form of non-personal), sometimes adjectives and adverbs.
Circumstance in the English language can be expressed by an adverb, infinitive, gerund, noun with a preposition and an adjective or participle, which entered the Union in words.
What does the fact in the English language?
Circumstance in English can mean:
I’m afraid of walking alone in the middle of the night. — I’m afraid to walk very late at night. (fact expressed a noun with a preposition)
They seldom travel abroad. — They rarely travel abroad. (circumstance expressed adverb)
My teacher lives in the country. — My teacher lives in the country.
He works at the laboratory from morning till night. — He works in a laboratory all day long.
- The modus operandi:
I would like to speak English fluently. — I want to be fluent in English.
We went there with a heavy heart. — We went there with a heavy heart.
I said nothing because of the children being there. — I did not say anything, because there were children. (circumstance expressed participle)
He was kept in after school owing to his bad behavior. — He left school after school due to bad behavior.
I did everything I could to warn you of the danger. — I did everything I could to warn you of the danger. (circumstance expressed infinitive)
She has come to discuss the terms of our contract. — She came to discuss the terms of our contract.
- Meru and degree:
I like your new coat very much. — I really like your new coat.
I’ve missed you a lot! Where have you been? — I was missing you a lot. Where have you been?
The performance was rather boring. — The performance was quite boring.
- Related factors:
She stood at the sofa reading his letter. — She was standing by the sofa, reading his letter. (circumstance expressed participle)
He shut the door without waiting for a reply. — He closed the door without waiting for an answer.
They stood like rocks. — They stood like stone.
My sister was as ugly as a toad. — My sister was ugly as a toad.
Though irritable, she was placable. — For all his irritability, she was not vindictive. (circumstance expressed adjective)
Whatever his intentions, I do not want to believe him. — Whatever his intentions, I do not want to believe him.
They could come later if necessary. — They might come later, if required.
To listen to him one would not believe he was a famous television announcer. — After listening to him, nobody would have believed that he was a famous announcer on television.
I had no choice but to confess he was right. — I had no choice but to admit that he was right.
She had no choice but to sleep outdoors. — She had no choice but to sleep in the open air.
Where is the circumstance in the English language?
Circumstance in English can start a sentence, end it, and even break the predicate group. Normal circumstances, in the English language can be seen after the additions. If this two or more circumstances, it should be placed according to this procedure:
- Circumstance mode of action
- Circumstances of place
- Circumstances of time
Here’s an example:
She noticed me accidentally in this park a month ago. — She accidentally noticed me in the park a month ago. (accidentally — an adverb of manner of action, in this park — the place circumstance, a month ago — the time factor)
Please note that the time factor can be put in the beginning of the sentence.
Next month I’m going to work hard. — Next month, I’m going to work hard.
If circumstances place a large group of words (rather than the circumstances of time), then we change them around, place and circumstances in this case will offer complete.
We shall meet next week at the Moscow State Technical University. — We will meet next week at the Moscow State Technical University.
But what if the two things in the sentence or two places of the circumstances of time? To do so: with the fact a broader concept put upon the circumstances with a narrower concept.
My lesson is at 6 pm tomorrow. — I have a class tomorrow at 6pm.
Circumstance expressed adverb can occupy different places in the proposal in accordance with the classification of the adverbs and certain rules. Information about the place adverbs in the English sentence, you can find in this article — «The place of adverbs in the English sentence.»