None of these words is hard to imagine their lives. We all make mistakes, someone offend, pain and admit mistakes. It may be some insignificant event (for example, came to the feet of someone), or something serious (insulted man betrayed him, etc.). Here again come to the fore the words by which we try to apologize or ask for forgiveness. How to do it in English? Let’s look at three synonym.
Choice words: excuse / forgive / pardon — in the sense of «I’m sorry, forgive»
When we have someone excused or forgive, we thus find justification for actions of this man, believe him guilty and give up insignificant punishment or revenge. The first word from our list of answers for minor mistakes and misdeeds, mistakes accidental, unintentional violation of the rules of conduct.
She asked him to excuse her for being so rude. — She asked him for an apology for his rudeness.
Nothing can excuse what he did. — Nothing can serve as an excuse for what he did.
Please, excuse me for arriving late. — Please forgive me for being late.
But the verb forgive involves more serious offenses. And in this case it does not hurt manifests indulgence, and the generosity and the ability to forget the offense or offenses.
I’ve apologized but I do not think she’ll ever forgive me. — I’m sorry, but I do not think she I ever forgive.
Mike would never forgive himself if anything happened to the children. — Mike would never forgive himself not if the child something happened.
I forgive you for everything. — I forgive you everything.
Third synonym word pardon, is used in two main ways. In situations of moral and legal conflict, as well as theological texts, the verb defines serious offenses against morals or norms of behavior accepted in society. From these offenses is suffering not only the protagonist, but the whole environment. Therefore, using the word pardon, we report that the culprit was forgiven and formally exempted from punishment:
They were granted a free pardon. — They were pardoned.
Pardon me, and kill me not, and so may God pardon thee (of the Bible.) — Have mercy on me, and do not kill me, and God have mercy on you.
When it comes to situations of psychological conflict or breach of etiquette, pardon is an exact synonym for the verb excuse:
Pardon my ignorance, but what exactly is mechatronics? — Forgive me my ignorance (my ignorance, lack of knowledge) that is mechatronics?
In English there are two words meaning «forgive», but they are specific and therefore very rarely used in a narrow context. Verb condone forgive coincides with the least, but in the style of speech-related litigation and theology, acquiring a terminological character:
We condone everything in this country — treason, falsehood, cruelty. — In this country, we forgive everything: treason, lies, cruelty.
The second verb remit is very narrow meaning, namely «to release from punishment imposed,» and it is used only in these terms: to remit sins (absolve), to remit a sentence (to cancel the sentence, pardon).
All these synonyms run direct complement in the form of a noun that defines the content of the offense — to excuse faults. Our three main verb — excuse / forgive / pardon — may have and gerunds — to forgive my saying so.
Choice words: excuse / pardon — in the sense of «I’m sorry, sorry, sorry»
As the name implies, it will be a polite form of address, where we need to apologize or ask for forgiveness. In this situation, excuse me, and pardon me are accurate synonyms which express a polite appeal to someone, polite protest or regret to say or do.
Excuse me, does this bus go to Trafalgar Square? — Excuse me, is this bus to Trafalgar Square?
Oh, excuse me, did I take your seat? — Oh, sorry, I took your place?
Excuse me, but you are wrong. — I’m sorry, but you’re wrong.
Pardon me, can I just get pass? — Excuse me, can I go?
Pardon me but are not you forgetting something? — Excuse me, but you do not forget anything?