This article focuses on five words that make up its name. They called synonymous only if they are used as verbs. But these same words in the same unaltered state may be other parts of speech in English, and it should not be forgotten. Moreover, all of them (except the last) connects a common root, due to which these words and confused. Therefore, in order to avoid mistakes in the future and to understand when we need those words, we will talk about each of them separately.
Choice words: awake / awaken / wake / waken / arouse — which is the part of speech?
First on the «carpet» sent word awake. This predicative adjective (predicative adjective), that is an adjective that is used in the function of the predicate (predicate). For example:
Are you awake or asleep? — You are sleeping or not?
Her father stayed awake till she came back home. — Her father did not fall asleep until she returned home.
The same word is also a verb. If it is used as a transitive verb, it has the following meaning: awakening. If we are talking about intransitive verb, translation: to wake up.
It’s quite difficult to awake from a sound sleep. — It is difficult to wake up from a sound sleep.
The singing of the birds awoke me early in the morning. — Singing birds woke me up early in the morning.
The verb awaken have the same meaning as in the transition awake. Therefore, in this sense, they are synonyms. But unlike our first word, the verb is mostly used in a figurative sense: to awaken, awaken (any feelings or emotions, desires) in someone else; made aware of anyone (anything).
The song awakened painful memories. — Song awakened painful memories.
Would you be so kind to awaken to his responsibilities? — Could you remind him of his duties?
And note: the first verb awake — wrong. His form: awake, awoke, awoken. The second verb is correct, and therefore creates a past tense with the ending — ed.
Go to the third word wake. If we use it as a noun, it uses the values of «vigil by the coffin, funeral,» «wake.» But we are interested in the value of the word as a verb (intransitive and transitive). In the first case we say that someone is awake. And secondly — that someone someone will. As we can see, the absolute synonym awake. And not only to him. Awaken memories and feelings it may just as well as the verb awaken.
She woke with a start. — She suddenly woke up.
I’ve only just woken up. — I just woke up.
Take care not to wake the baby. — Look, do not wake the baby.
The next word is waken to the same value — to wake up, wake up, wake. And if this transitive verb corresponds to the word awaken, namely, the direct value, the intransitive variant is used in a figurative meaning, which mentioned above — to awaken something in someone.
I shook him but he did not waken. — I shook him, but he did not wake up.
It’s not fair to waken hopes in someone first and then to defeat them. — It is unfair to first awaken hope in man, and then destroy them.
The final word was the verb arouse, which, though not a root word to all other words, but used as a synonym for the meaning of «wake to wake up» and «arouse, excite, cause» (in a figurative sense). Incidentally, the value «sexual arousal» also takes place in this case.
Interest was aroused. — She awoke interest.
Women become sexually aroused as quickly as men. — Women are excited as fast as men.
It’s very difficult to arouse a man if he is sleeping like a log. — It is very difficult to wake someone who is sleeping like the dead.