One of the grammatical categories of nouns in the English language is a case (case). It shows the relationship of the noun (noun) with other words in the sentence and expressed a certain form of the noun. As we remember, in Russian six cases, but in English only two: the general (common case) and possessive (possessive case). We will talk separately about each case in English.
Total deaths in the English language
The value of nouns in the nominative of a general nature (general meaning), moreover, the nouns in this case do not have endings. In short, the nouns in the nominative are shaped, which is listed in the dictionary, that is original. For example, we can take any noun (book, table, street, building) — this is the common case in English.
Possessives in English
The study of this case in English, we will devote more time. What is the possessive case? This case, which expresses the value of accessories (possession), possession of something (the idea of belonging), different ratios (different kind of relations), origin (authorship), space (place), action (measure) and the quality (quality) . Formed possessives in English by adding an apostrophe to the noun and ending — s. When writing is added only to the end of the noun in the singular, the plural is used only an apostrophe. The same applies to nouns that end in the beginning — s.
Mike’s bag — Bag Mike
My relatives’ house — my family home
Child’s bycicle — Bicycle child
James’ secretary — Secretary James
Possessives of English used only with nouns denoting animate faces and animals (animate objects and animals). With inanimate objects and abstract concepts (inanamite objects and abstract notions), this case is not used. Instead, there is a phrase of + noun that conveys the value of belonging.
The window of the house — the house window
The problems of the company — The company’s problems
The leg of the chair — a chair leg
The chapter of the book — Chapter Books
The syntactic function of the possessive case in English — is a function definition:
Yesterday’s newspaper — Yesterday’s newspaper
A year’s salary — Salary for the year
For more on this article will tell nominative «possessive case in English.»
Remember these cases in English, and you can easily apply them correctly in speech!