In Grammar By Victoria

Auxiliary verbs in the English language

Verb (verb) is the part of speech that denotes an action or state. Depending on how important the verb and whether at all, and what role does the proposal, all the words of the English language can be divided into three groups: the semantic verbs (notional verbs), service (semi-auxiliary verbs) and secondary (auxiliary verbs). We sense there is the lexical meaning of verbs and in the proposal, they are a simple verbal predicate. Tools verbs lexical meaning deprived, and the sentence are used only as part of a compound name or a verbal predicate. For more details, we’ll talk about the auxiliary verbs in English.

What are the auxiliary verbs in the English language?

In auxiliary verbs in the English language there is no lexical meaning. These verbs are used only in conjunction with sense verbs to create a composite (analytical) form.
Here are the most common verbs:

  • to be (am, are, is, was, were, been)
  • to do (do, does, did)
  • to have (have, has, had)
  • shall (should)
  • will (would)

The verb to be in certain forms used for the formation of the simple present (Present Simple) and elapsed time (Past Simple). The choice of form of the verb in a specified time depends on the number and the person to be. Am — for one person units. numbers; are — for one person more. number 2 person singular. and many others. number 3 person plural. numbers; is — for the third person singular. number. The last time was used for the singular, and were — for multiple. It is part of the predicate in the present, past and future long-term time (Present Continuous / Past Continuous / Future Continuous). Examples:

She is at the hospital now. — She is now in hospital.

We were next to your house yesterday. — Yesterday we were close to your house.

I am working at the moment. — At the moment I’m working.

Such an auxiliary verb in the English language is to do a three forms: do / does / did. The form does use a third person singular, otherwise choose do. It concerns a simple date Present Simple. In the simple past tense Past Simple — we use only the verb did. This auxiliary is needed for the formation of interrogative and negative sentences in these times. Examples:

She does not do her work thoroughly. — She’s not doing its job carefully.

You did not find a way out. — You have not found a way out.

He does not feel good. — It feels bad.

The auxiliary verb has to have three forms: have, has, had. This verb is used to form a composite form of the present, past and future perfect tense (Present Perfect / Past Perfect / Future Perfect) and the same committed a long time in the English language (Present Perfect Continuous / Past Perfect Continuous / Future Perfect Continuous). Form have need for all persons and numbers except the third person singular. In this case, use the form has. It’s all in the present tense. In the past — a form to be had for all. Examples:

He has just written the letter. — He had just written a letter.

We had finished building this house when they came. — To their arrival, we have finished building a house.

Auxiliary verbs in the English language, and it shall and will, needed for the formation of future times in English. This is a simple, long-term, committed, committed a long time (Future Simple, Future Continuous, Future Perfect, Future Perfect Continuous). Currently, the auxiliary verb shall hardly used, and previously was used with pronouns 1st person as a singular and plural. The forms should / would need in the proposals, observing the rules of the sequence of tenses. Examples:

My father will come in two days. — My father will arrive in two days.

We shall be cooking tomorrow. — Tomorrow we’ll be ready.

A friend of mine told me he would read this book at the weekends. — My friend thought it would be to read this book on weekends.

Auxiliary verbs in English are not numerous, but they must be known, since they determine the time of formation and use of this language.



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