The vocabulary of the native language of each person is enormous. We do not notice how often we use synonyms like trying to diversify his speech with all sorts of expressions, phrases; as we pass their experience and their perception of something with words with different meanings. It is to the same fluency tends to everyone who teaches English on skype or on their own. And, therefore, our vocabulary, both active and passive, should ideally include as many words to describe almost any phenomenon and condition.
Common words can convey what I heard a sound. And if to express their thoughts more specifically? For example, I heard the door slam. The second option — I heard something fall (the sound of falling objects). We saw the difference? How much richer and more serious this vocabulary? After all, to refer to all of these concepts in the English eat their words. That’s about it, we’ll talk. On those words and phrases that characterize the sound in English.
Audio in English
Of course, in the English language there are words to describe the sounds of varying degrees of volume and types of sounds. Recalls that in English «sound» — sound . This word is a neutral value, determined not loud or soft sound, but something in between.
We could hear the sound of music coming from this cafe. — We could hear the music from this cafe. (literally. the sound of music coming from this cafe).
She heard the sound of someone running. — She heard someone running (literally. The sound of the running man).
Please note that the main verb, the word used is the verb sound to hear — to hear. Over the loud and obnoxious sounds we call noise — noise. By the way, the word can be both countable and uncountable. It is a countable noun, if expresses any temporary sounds, short in duration. And that word is uncountable nouns when it comes to the ongoing, permanent, long blasts.
A sudden noise scared us. — A sudden noise startled us. (noise — countable, single action).
Outside noises disturbed my father while he was working. — Extraneous sounds (noise) distracted father at work. (noise — countable, a temporary phenomenon).
Do not make so much noise! — Do not make noise like that! (noise — uncountable, constant noise)
We go on increasing. The next two words are used in everyday speech. If we want to describe a very loud annoying noise, the roar, the hubbub, we use a noun din.
He was speaking so loud that his voice was heard against the din of engines. — He was talking so loudly that his voice was heard in the roar of the engines.
She had to shout to make herself heard above the din. — She had to shout to be heard in the din.
And finally, just unbearable, very loud noise transmitted word racket. As a rule, these sounds cause any human activity.
They were making such a racket outside that I could not get to sleep. — They are so noisy (made so much noise) on the street, I could not sleep.
Weak, soft sounds in English — faint sounds:
Can someone explain how the faint sounds of your heart can be heard using a stethoscope? — Can anyone explain how to use a stethoscope can hear the silent beats (sounds) of the heart?
Complete silence, the silence — the word silence (silent — adjective):
They asked her several questions but she remained silent. — They asked her a few questions, but she was silent.
No sound can be transmitted as a noun «silence» (quietness), and the adjective «silent» (quiet):
It’s very quiet here at night. — It is very quiet at night.
In English, there are certain words that express the sounds that are produced in any situation or caused by an object. All of the following words can be both nouns and verbs, so can be used in different ways.
- patter — patter of raindrops; drums (of raindrops) patter (the child)
The patter of rain seems soothing to me. — Knock rain seems comforting.
I like to hear the rain pattering against / on the roof. — I like to hear the rain drumming on the roof.
- bang — the sound of gunshots, explosions, bursting a balloon, slamming the door; clap (of the door), close to the noise.
I heard a window bang in the basement. — I heard flapping in the basement of the open window.
A door was banging in the wind. — The door slamming in the wind.
- rustle — rustle, rustle, rustle, crunch; rustle, rustle.
Why did you stop here? — Hush! I heard a rustle! — Why do you stay here? — Quiet! I heard a rustle.
The leaves rustled in the breeze. — The leaves rustled in the wind.
- thud — thud, the sound (from the fall of a heavy object); hit with a thud.
He slipped and fell on the floor with a thud. — He slipped and fell with a thud on the floor.
- crash — roar; collapsing with a roar and a crash (on the fragile items), rattle, rattle.
The tree fell with a loud crash. — Tree collapsed with a crash.
The music crashed out. — Thunder (rattled) music.
- clang — clang, chime, saber-sharp metallic sound; clang, jingle, jingle, to issue a sharp sound.
A fire-alarm clanged. — There was a fire alarm.
The bell made a resounding clang. — Jingle bells echoed.
- clatter — roar (metal, machinery), the sound, the clatter of dishes, clink, the hum of voices; knock, rattle, rattle, banging (hoof, heel).
Do not clatter the dishes! — Do not rattle dishes!
I was awoken by the clatter of approaching hoofs. — I was awakened by the clatter of approaching horses.
- hiss — hissing, whistling; hissing, whistling.
Both tracks sound fine although the English has more hiss. — Both records sound good, but in the sound recording in English more than hiss.
The iron was hissing and spluttering. — Iron hissed and crackled.
- rumble — rumble, rumble, rumble, thunder (long-term); rattle, rattle, rattle.
Thunder was rumbling in the distance. — In the distance thunder.
We could hear the rumble of the underground trains. — We could hear the roar (hum) passing underground trains.
- roar — the roar (sea, wind), roar, rumble (motor), peal, noise (waterfall); rumble, noise, rage
He lived near the main road and there was a constant roar of traffic. — He lived near a main highway, and there was always heard the roar of vehicles.
She looked up as a plane roared overhead. — She looked up as the plane roared over his head.
Here are these words of different parts of speech, we describe in detail any kind of sound in the English language, as well as the extent of its volume or the complete absence. The second article is devoted to subjects such words and phrases that characterize the light in English. Find out if all you know about it?