When you ask an English teacher or a pen pal to talk about their hobbies, the first thing that comes to mind — it is a sport. A healthy lifestyle and regular exercise at the gym — it’s part of our lives, but to say in English, «I do 20 sit-ups to 5 times» or «engaged on a treadmill for 30 minutes a day» is often difficult. Want to learn without a hint of hesitation to talk about their successes in the hall? Then you useful materials of this article!
Types of exercises. Types of exercises in English
The golden rule of any athlete says, before beginning the training, it is necessary to warm up (to warm up). Now that all the muscles are given in the tone (to tone muscles) and are ready to exercise, we can work out (to work out).
After the end of winter, people want to get in shape (to get in shape or to shape up), so in the summer you can show off his slender body on the beach. In order to get in shape, you can start with jogging in the fresh air (to do jogging) or go to the gym and work out on a treadmill (to run on a treadmill). The men in the audience often employed in such exercises as:
- weight lifting (to pump iron);
- push-ups (to do push-ups and press-ups);
- pull-ups (to do pull-ups);
- squats (to squat);
- abdominal exercises (to do abs / to do sit-ups).
Girls see classes in the gym to get rid of excess weight (to lose some weight), to keep the body in good shape (to keep their body toned) and the ability to add flexibility (to stretch the body) to your body. Well, a good workout, you need to take a break (to take a breather).
Types of equipment. Equipment types in English
The first time you get to the gym, dazzled by the variety of simulators and sports equipment. I want to try everything at once! By the way, about how people first come into the room, we’ll talk later. And now let’s focus on equipment that we can find in the hall, and began to offer to your attention a little video with the names of some sports equipment.
NB! Please note that the video allowed a small typo, 25 seconds to built, and to build.
Hopefully, in the video you have met a couple of unfamiliar phrases, let’s extend and consolidate this material to our table:
|Rowing machine||Rowing machine|
|Treadmill (running machine)||Treadmill|
|Exercise bike (bicycle)||Exercise Bike|
|Step machine, step system||Step machine|
|Elliptical trainer||Elliptical trainer|
|Exercise mat||Mat classes|
|Punching bag||Punching Bag|
|Skipping rope (jump rope)||Rope|
|Exercise ball||Ball exercise|
For the first time. For the first time in the hall
Now that we know what to call these intricate shapes and objects, we can safely walk into the room the first time. The following audio is represented by a dialog that can occur between the coach (coach, trainer) and a newcomer (newbie, rookie). Conversation accompanied by explanations in English. Also we offer you the transcript of all words and phrases from the record, but I advise you not to rush with the reading of the text, try to understand yourself, what is at stake in the audio, but if it is difficult, refer to the transcript.
↓ Download the audio transcript (* .pdf, 166 KB)
Useful phrases from the audio:
- To gain weight — weight gain.
- To start training — start practicing.
- To develop strength — to develop strength.
- To develop definition of muscles — the muscles to develop the outline.
- Pointers (tips) — advice.
- Upper body — the upper part of the body.
- Physique — physique, physical data.
- Triceps — triceps.
- Biceps — biceps.
- Reps — repetition.
- Sets — approaches.
If all of the vocabulary words from the audio you remember, now we turn our attention to the other sentences related to sports, which often can be found in the speech of the speakers at the BBC and other English-speaking resources — in the idiom!
10 about sports idioms in English
Sport and physical exercise play a huge role in our lives, so it is not surprising that the theme of sports was the source of many idioms in the English language. Briefly recall that idiom — these phrases and expressions that we can not translate literally, because then this phrase has no meaning. Idioms have to remember, along with their translation.
- To hit (someone) below the belt — to hit below the belt, that is, do not follow the rules and do something dishonest. The phrase originates from boxing, where a low blow is considered a violation of the rules.
Telling me off in front of my friends was a hit below the belt! — Reports to me in front of my friends was a blow below the belt!
- To hit the bull’s-eye — to hit the target, the bull’s-eye. If you remember the target for marksmen, then its very center called bull’s-eye. The center of the target is so named probably because it is the same size as the bull’s eye.
Your idea hit the bull’s-eye! It’s exactly what I’ve been talking about! — Your idea got into the apple! That’s what I’m saying!
- A level playing field — a level playing field, the field of equal opportunities for all. The phrase is obviously due to the fact that the field for the game should be the same without the slopes and potholes that no one had any advantages in the game.
It was not a level playing field when they invited professional footballers to play against rookies. — It was an unequal when they invited professional players to play against the Cubs.
- No holds barred — no holds barred. The phrase of wrestling, fight without rules.
When politicians have an argument, there are no holds barred. — When politicians argue, there is no holds barred.
- Out of one’s league (not in the same league) — not in my league, something considerably inferior in quality or level. The phrase came out of baseball — the game, which is divided into leagues: Little League, the Minors, the Majors.
I can not talk to her I am out of her league. — I can not talk to her, I did not go up to her (she’s too good for me).
- Odds are against someone — chances against the man or the odds are in someone’s favour — the odds are in someone’s favor, luck is on the side of man. When you hear the expression, then I remember a phrase from the movie «The Hunger Games» («Hunger Games»):
May the odds be ever in your favour! — Let the luck will always be with you!
- Sink or swim! — Can be translated as «either sink or swim!»
That was ‘sink or swim’ kind of situation. I need to react quickly! — It was a situation of «either sink or swim.» I had to act fast!
- Saved by the bell — saved at the last minute. The phrase from boxing when a blow to the gong heralds the beginning and, if the losing boxer survives, the end of the fight.
Luckily, the girl managed to run away from that angry dog because it was distracted by some noise. The girl was saved by the bell. — Fortunately, the girl was able to escape from the evil of the dog because the dog was distracted by a noise. The girl was rescued at the last moment.
- To punch above one’s weight — do not fight in his weight class, and higher. As you know, the phrase can be used not only in sports, but in other situations where the «players» in different «leagues» fighting on the same level.
Our small country always punches above its weight at the international level. — Our small country is always fighting in a «high-weight category» at the international level.
- To throw in the towel — to surrender and raise the white flag, admit defeat. The origin of this phrase, too, no doubt, if one of your opponents in boxing throws the towel, he conceded defeat.
I would never throw in the towel, no matter how difficult the situation could be! — I never give up, despite how difficult the situation may be.
Table words and expressions on the theme «In the gym»
For your convenience, we have decided to join the table all the new words that have met our topic today. This table is available for download. Naturally, all existing words on the topic «At the gym» we just physically could not specify. Therefore, we ask you to leave comments words and phrases that are relevant to the subject of the gym and are not present in this article to help all those who are learning English, and loves sports!
↓ Download table «At the gym. Useful Words for those who like to be in the form »(* .pdf, 49 KB)
|to warm up||warm up|
|to tone muscles||cause muscle tone|
|to work out||sports, exercise|
|to get in shape / to shape up||result in shape|
|to do jogging||run|
|to run on a treadmill||running on a treadmill|
|to pump iron||«Tjagat iron»|
|to do push-ups / press-ups||push-ups|
|to do pull-ups||catch up|
|to do abs / sit-ups||do abdominal exercises|
|to stretch the body||stretch the muscles of the body|
|to take a breather||rest, take a breather|
|to start training||starting exercise|
|to develop strength||develop strength|
|to develop definition of muscles||to develop the outline of muscle|
|to lift weights||lift weights (in the video — bar)|
|to build up muscles with dumbbells||pumping muscles using dumbbells|
|to burn calories on the treadmill||burn calories on the treadmill|
|to lose (gain) some weight||lose (gain) weight|
|rowing machine||rowing machine|
|treadmill (running machine)||Treadmill|
|exercise bike (bicycle)||exercise bike|
|step machine, step system||step machine|
|elliptical trainer||elliptical trainer|
|exercise mat||mat classes|
|punching bag||boxing bag|
|skipping rope (jump rope)||skipping rope|
|exercise ball||ball exercise|
|coach / trainer||trainer|
|newbie / rookie||beginner|
|physique||physique, physical data|
|to hit (someone) below the belt||to hit below the belt|
|to hit the bull’s-eye||hit the target, the bull’s-eye|
|a level playing field||a level playing field, the field of equal opportunities for all|
|no holds barred||no holds barred|
|out of one’s league||not someone’s league, something considerably inferior in quality or in terms of|
|odds are against someone / the odds are in someone’s favour||the odds against a man / man on the side of good luck|
|sink or swim||«sink or swim»|
|saved by the bell||saved at the last minute|
|to punch above one’s weight||fight in a higher weight category|
|to throw in the towel||give up|
And I suggest you see a selection of words on the subject of teacher Adam.
And now you can take the quiz and test your knowledge of words and expressions in this topic: