It is known that a person belongs to a class of animals (animals), and the human species (human species) is the most numerous and powerful in the world. However, there is not one person on this earth. We are surrounded by animals, birds (birds), fish (fish), insects (insects). Even in ancient times people began to domesticate certain types of animal. So now we have pets (domestic animals) and pets (pets). Animals around us, and, therefore, information about them is not the last role in the linguistic material. In the process of learning English, we certainly allocate several hours on lessons learned about the animals. Knowledge of animals in English, not only nourishes your speech a new vocabulary, but also stain it with numerous idiomatic expressions containing words from the animal world.
Pets in English
Firstly, it should be noted that in the English language, there are two words to determine the pet. This pet and domestic animal. The first involves a pet, pet. The most common our smaller brethren are cats (cats), a dog (dogs), hamsters (hamsters), guinea pigs (guinea pigs). It is part of the plant aquarium fish (aquarium fish) and parrots (parrots). A second word — domestic animal — represents a pet in a more general sense, it is an animal that is amenable to cultivation in the home. For example, villagers in the household may contain swine (pigs), cows (cows), bulls (bulls), sheep (sheep), rabbits (rabbits), horses (horses) and goats (goats). You also can not forget about the birds such as chickens (hens), geese (goose — geese), turkeys (turkeys) and ducks (ducks). By the way, the offspring of these animals, pets and birds will have a different name:
- pig — piglet
- Puppy — puppy
- calf — calf
- chicken — chick / chicken
- lamb — lamb
- Duckling — duckling
- kid — kid
- poult — turkey chic
- cat — kitten
- gosling — gosling
Incidentally, the word pig — a pig is often used in English idiomatic expressions. For example: greedy pig — a greedy person; a pig in a poke — cat in the bag (something unknown). You can also learn about other fixed expressions on the subject on our blog. Go to the section «phraseology».
Wild animals in English (the inhabitants of the zoo)
There are animals that inhabit several countries, and there are individuals who live only in one particular country. In order not to share all the animals in English (including wild — wild animals) to those living in deserts, mountains, prairies, forests, swamps, etc, we will mention only those which can be found in a zoo (zoo) . African people are the lion (lion), tiger (tiger), leopard (leopard), Elephant (elephant), rhinoceros (rhinoceros), hippopotamus (hippopotamus), buffalo (buffalo), a zebra (zebra), camel (camel), giraffe (giraffe). Tropical forests and waters are inhabited by koalas (koala bears), monkeys (monkeys), kangaroo (kangaroos), snakes (snakes), crocodiles (crocodiles / alligators), turtles (tortoises / turtles). In the forest you can meet a fox (fox) and Wolf (wolf), bear (bear), deer (deer) and moose (elk).
Paws and Tails
Animals in English as well as Russian, have legs (paws) and tails (tails). Some boast a mustache (whiskers) or mane (mane), while others are distinguished by tusks (tusks) and trunk (trunk). But rhino horn (horn) and branched horns (antlers) deer out of the competition! Kangaroo gave a bag (pouch), and went for a camel hump (hump)! We also mention the talons (claws) and hooves (hooves). And it so happened that some skin spotted (spotted), and others — striped (stripes)!
This is just a small list of animals in English. Many said the animals are in danger of extinction (endangered species). Many are under protection (protected species). We must not forget that a prosperous co-exist on this planet is possible only if we take care of its flora and fauna!