In Grammar By Inna

Adjectives in English

Adjectives make our written or spoken language more varied, emotionally intense.

Features adjective in the English language

Adjective is an independent part of speech, a sign indicating the subject matter. In contrast to the Russian language in English, adjectives do not change either in childbirth or on cases, or by numbers.

  • clever boy (clever boy)
  • clever girl (smart girl)

The proposal is an adjective before the noun. If two or more adjectives, it is necessary to use them in the following order. The first will be the adjectives that in the English language are called Opinion adjectives, denoting the attitude of the speaker to the subject of: beautiful, ugly, expensive.

The second used Fact adjectives, describing the parameters of the subject.

He has got expensive (Op. Ad.) Red (F. ad.) Car. — He has expensive red car.

Fact adjectives are also used commonly in the following order.

  1. Size: short, big, small
  2. Weight: light, heavy
  3. Shape: round, triangular
  4. Color: red, blue
  5. Material: gold, cotton

I remember it was big, round, white metal object. — I remember it was a big round white metal object.

There are simple derivatives and compound adjectives.

Common adjectives in the English language does not incorporate any prefixes or suffixes.

  • small
  • big
  • nice

Derivative adjectives contain prefixes and suffixes.

  • un happy
  • natur al
  • use ful

The most typical suffixes of adjectives.

  • — Able, — ible: suit able, respons ible
  • Al: centr al
  • Ant, — ent: intellig ent
  • Ary, — ory: element ary
  • Ful: care ful
  • Ic: hero ic
  • Ive: agress ive
  • Less: use less
  • Ous: ambiti ous
  • Y: storm y, snow y

The most common prefixes.

  • un -: un happy
  • in -: in correct

Compound adjectives — adjectives is formed from two words.

  • snow-white (snow-white)
  • red-cheeked (ruddy)

The adjectives in the English language are used without an article

My sister is beautiful.

Exceptions are cases of the use of adjectives in the English language as a noun. In this case, the adjective is used with the value of the plural ending -s but does not accept and is used with the definite article.

All the doctors examined the sick. — All the doctors examined the patients.

Adjectives in English — one of the easiest grammar topics. In fact, you only need to know the adjective itself, its place in the sentence, and it forms a degree of comparison. By the way, about this you can read in our article «The degrees of comparison of adjectives in the English language.»



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