Anyone who studies English (not just English), wants his speech was more natural and conversational, closest to the voice carrier. At first glance, it seems simpler English than Russian, but the deeper study it, the more you realize that it only seems. I wrote linguist William C. Wren: English is among the easiest languages to speak badly, but the most difficult to use well. (English is one of the most simple language when talking on it is bad, but the most difficult to master it to perfection).
So, in order to deprive their English raid «literacy» or the constant feeling that this second language are encouraged to follow the following tips.
Word characteristic of conversational speech
Use words, a characteristic of the conversation:
- verb get — one of the most commonly used verbs in English, English speaking people use them constantly in their everyday speech:
When will you get there? (instead When will you arrive?)
She got very happy after knowing the news (BM. She became very happy …)
He became an actor when he was five (hue constancy of action within the meaning of)
- feel about the meaning of «to think, to have an opinion»:
You know what I feel about her (im. You know what I think of her)
- feel like the meaning of «want»:
I feel like a cup of coffee (im. I want a cup of coffee)
I feel like going for a walk (BM. I want to go for a walk)
- used to — one of the most commonly used phrases in the English language, means «happened before; Then, as now there is no «):
I used to sit under the big tree in our garden, when I was a small girl (im. I liked sitting very often …) — I was often used to sit under a large tree in our garden when I was a little girl.
- about to — a small but very useful phrase is often used instead of going to (gather to do something):
I’m about to have another cup of coffee (im. I’m going to have another cup of coffee)
I’m about to read your book (BM. I’m going to read your book)
More multivalued verbs
Use more multivalued verbs with postpositions instead of «book» verbs:
He let her down (im. He betrayed her)
to let smb. down — betray disappoint.
Her behaviour takes me off — its behavior repels me.
Structures specific to the English language
- Complex Object (complex addition):
I saw Brown enter the room — I saw Brown entered the room
I knew them to be right — I knew that they were right
- Complex Subject (complex subject):
He is sure to be asked about it — It certainly will be asked about it
He does not seem to know the subject — he seems to know this subject
- Compound adjectives instead of the common structural characteristic of the Russian language. Compare:
100-member Parliament — the Parliament, consisting of a hundred members
cat-faced — similar to a cat (person)
a fifty-dollar dress — dress cost $ 50
a five-hour trip — a trip lasting at 5 pm
a three-year-old building — the building, which 3 years
As you can see, English is more concise than the Russian:
He wrote his book on a sick bed — He wrote a book, lying sick in bed.
I hate her I-don’t-know-anything face expression! — I can not stand her facial expression that seems to say, «I do not know anything!»
No names! — Just do not call names!
Use incomplete sentences, it is natural for the English, as well as for the Russian language:
What are you doing? — Writing. — What are you doing? — Writing.
Who did the homework yesterday? — I did. — Who did the homework last night? — I.
I hope these tips will help make your English more natural and natural, will facilitate understanding of the language media. Good luck!